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'Under the Colombian Flag': Nation-Building on San Andres and Providence Islands, 1886-1930

Crawford, Sharika (2009) 'Under the Colombian Flag': Nation-Building on San Andres and Providence Islands, 1886-1930. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Under the Colombian Flag examines the Colombian state's efforts to incorporate the Afro-Caribbean English-speaking Protestant islanders of San Andrés and Providence into the Spanish-speaking Catholic nation. The project analyzes how those cultural struggles and political negotiations shaped the Colombian nation-building process. I illustrate how Colombian political elites largely spoke of islanders' ethnic differences in terms of cultural attributes such as language, religion, and customs. In their minds, these characteristics were malleable. The Colombian nation-builders' project thus ignored North American and European pseudo-scientific understandings of race in order to incorporate ethnically and racially diverse populations into their homogenizing agenda, which promoted the Spanish language, Hispanic culture, Roman Catholicism, gendered notions of morality, and racial views of health and modernity. San Andrés and Providence islanders had a different understanding of racial and national identities. They tended to formulate their Colombian identity in terms of loyalty, reciprocity, and rights. My work contributes to the growing body of historical scholarship on race and nation-building in Latin America and the Caribbean as well as scholarship investigating the experiences of black communities in the Atlantic world.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Crawford, Sharikashc8@pitt.eduSHC8
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairAndrews, George Reidreid1@pitt.eduREID1
Committee Memberde la Fuente, Alejandrofuente2@pitt.eduFUENTE2
Committee MemberBranche, Jeromebranche@pitt.eduBRANCHE
Committee MemberPutnam, Laralep12@pitt.eduLEP12
Date: 30 September 2009
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 22 April 2009
Approval Date: 30 September 2009
Submission Date: 9 August 2009
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > History
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Blacks; Frontiers; History; Latin America
Other ID:, etd-08092009-112623
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:58
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:48


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