Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Socioeconomic status as a correlate of plasma inflammatory markers: An association that may be modulated by the Interleukin-6 (-174)G/C promoter polymorphism

Petersen, Karen Laura (2007) Socioeconomic status as a correlate of plasma inflammatory markers: An association that may be modulated by the Interleukin-6 (-174)G/C promoter polymorphism. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

Primary Text

Download (755kB) | Preview


ABSTRACTGrowing evidence suggests that socioeconomic attributes of both individuals and communities of residence confer risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Despite decades of research demonstrating worse health behavior profiles with lower levels of SES, unexplained variance in the association between SES and cardiovascular disease persists. In this study, we examined the association between both individual and community SES and inflammatory mediators relevant to cardiovascular pathophysiology (i.e. interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein) in a diverse sample of healthy community volunteers. We also examined whether a previously identified functional single nucleotide polymorphism on the IL-6 gene (-174 G-C) is associated with IL-6 and CRP in this sample, and whether it moderates any influence of SES on these inflammatory markers. Subjects were middle-aged men and women (m=424, f=427; Caucasian=76.7%, African-American=22.8%) from the Adult Health and Behavior Project. Individual SES was indexed by averaging educational attainment and family income, and community SES was a composite of five variables from the participants' US Census tract of residence. Regression analyses accounting for age, sex, and race showed individual SES to be associated with IL-6 (B=-.126, p < .001) and community SES to predict both IL-6 and CRP (B= -.163, p <.0001, B= -.129, p = .002, respectively). The inverse relationship between community SES and both inflammatory mediators persisted on multivariable adjustment for health behaviors and individual SES (IL-6: B=-.091, p = .028 and CRP: B = -.086, p = .027). The relationship between individual SES and IL-6 did not withstand health behavior adjustment. Genetic analyses on the Caucasian subsample showed GG homozygotes to have lower CRP than participants with any C allele (i.e. GC & CC; t622=2.00, p <.05), but genotype by SES interactions were not significant. In sum, our results show that regardless of individual income, educational attainment, or -174 G-C genotype, mid-life adults living in less advantaged neighborhoods have higher levels of circulating proinflammatory markers than residents of more affluent areas. This inflammation could mediate the association between lower community SES and atherosclerotic cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Petersen, Karen
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairManuck, Stephen B
Committee MemberMarsland, Anna L
Committee MemberJennings, J. Richard
Committee MemberMuldoon, Matthew F
Committee MemberFerrell, Robert
Date: 27 September 2007
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 29 June 2007
Approval Date: 27 September 2007
Submission Date: 10 August 2007
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: 174 G/C; community SES; CRP; IL-6; inflammation; SES
Other ID:, etd-08102007-074050
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 19:58
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:48


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item