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Schonberg, Michael (2005) RISK FACTORS FOR BOY'S CONDUCT PROBLEMS WITHIN AND ACROSS NEIGHBORHOODS. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This study had three aims. The first was to examine whether there is a relationship between children's developmental histories of conduct problems (CP) and neighborhood risk. A second aim was to examine whether children from poorer neighborhoods are exposed to more environmentally-based CP risk factors (e.g., peer deviance, rejecting parenting) than children from more prosperous neighborhoods. Finally, a third aim was to compare the developmental histories of CP youth across communities that varied in SES (e.g., lower-middle-class and more deprived neighborhoods) and within such communities (e.g., high-CP vs. low-CP boys from lower-middle-class communities). Raine's (Raine & Venables, 1984) social push hypothesis proposes that CP youth from more prosperous communities are more likely to demonstrate biologically-based risk factors for CP (e.g., ADHD) and less likely to be exposed to environmentally-based risk factors. These issues were investigated in two samples of ethnically diverse boys, one that included younger children and another that included adolescents. Children were assigned to groups based on their trajectories of CP and neighborhood SES using Nagin's (1999, 2005) semiparametric group based approach to modeling trajectories. Results revealed weak support for a relationship between children's trajectories of CP and neighborhood SES. Also, children from poorer neighborhoods were consistently found to have greater exposure to environmentally-based CP risk factors than children from more prosperous communities. However, contrary to the social push hypothesis, the results did not generally support the notion that CP youth from more prosperous communities had less exposure to environmentally-based CP risk factors or demonstrate more biologically-based risk factors for CP.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Schonberg, Michaelmikesch@pitt.eduMIKESCH
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairShaw, Danielcasey@pitt.eduCASEY
Committee MemberNagin,
Committee Member McCall, Robertrmccall@ocd.pitt.eduMCCALL2
Committee MemberLoeber, Rolfloeberr@upmc.eduRLOE
Committee MemberCampbell, Susansbcamp@pitt.eduSBCAMP
Date: 10 October 2005
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 29 July 2005
Approval Date: 10 October 2005
Submission Date: 18 August 2005
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: antisocial; biopscyhosocial; community; conduct problems; delinquent; neighborhood
Other ID:, etd-08182005-113533
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:00
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2016 14:37


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