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Tevelow, Amos Abraham (2007) FROM CORPORATE LIBERALISM TO NEOLIBERALISM: A HISTORY OF AMERICAN THINK TANKS. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit public policy organizations constituted by section 501c3 of the U.S. Tax Code ("think tanks", TTs or "tanks") monitor and adjust governance norms and networks by using research, analysis, and advocacy to structure discourse about social problems and solutions among multiple elites and in the popular imagination. Through conversation, public communication, participation in government commissions and committees, and other methods, tanks strive to keep certain ideas alive (or at bay) until a particular policy idea becomes politically feasible and persuasive. Thirty-four case studies illustrate TT roles in constructing two basic policy regimes in 20th century America, corporate liberalism and neoliberalism. The two policy regimes are contingent discursive achievements, reflected in the adaptations in the modalities and rhetoric of think tanks in relation to dynamic processes of capitalist development, crisis, realignment, and consolidation. The cases show that while TTs generally function to contain and co-opt radical political economic ideas and social impulses, they are are not able to stitch interests seamlessly into state policy. Rather, social and economic crises, the changing demands and forms of the economy and the state, the actions of other actors, and other forces function to constrain the appeal of a given discourse or institution, so much so that individual tanks can drift from one ideological pole to another over time in reaction to these forces. These forces can also enable think tanks to exert discourse as an autonomous power that transcends the material constraints of the organizations themselves.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Tevelow, Amos
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairLyne, Johnjlyne@pitt.eduJLYNE
Committee MemberStabile, Carolcstabile@pitt.eduCSTABILE
Committee MemberArac,
Committee MemberBove, Paulbove@pitt.eduBOVE
Date: 19 October 2007
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 20 April 2005
Approval Date: 19 October 2007
Submission Date: 19 August 2005
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Communication: Rhetoric and Communication
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: American studies; cultural studies; expertise; institutional history; intellectual history; mass communications; media studies; policy sciences; policy scientists; political planning; political science; public policy; research institutes; rhetoric; structuration; nonprofit organizations; political sociology
Other ID:, etd-08192005-162045
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:00
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:49


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