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Silence and Sensemaking: The Effects of Newcomer Status on Ostracism

Flagg, Jeffrey (2010) Silence and Sensemaking: The Effects of Newcomer Status on Ostracism. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Ostracism involves being ignored and rejected by an individual or group, typically without explanation. Being accepted and valued by others is a fundamental human motivation (Baumeister & Leary, 1995). Consequently, ostracism is often a debilitating experience. This experiment was designed to test how a situational variable, namely being a newcomer to a group, can influence recovery from ostracism. Participants were included or ostracized during an online ball-tossing game. They were also led to believe that other participants playing the game were new as well, or that they were joining a group whose members had played before. I hypothesized that being a newcomer would decrease the effects of ostracism over time by providing an explanation for mistreatment. Participants that believed they were newcomers to an existing group were indeed quicker to recover from ostracism's harmful effects than were individuals that did not have this explanation for their ostracism.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Flagg, Jeffreyjjf22@pitt.eduJJF22
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMoreland, Richardcslewis@pitt.eduCSLEWIS
Committee MemberSchofield, Janetschof@pitt.eduSCHOF
Committee MemberGreenberg, Martingreenber@pitt.eduGREENBER
Date: 26 January 2010
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 28 August 2009
Approval Date: 26 January 2010
Submission Date: 31 August 2009
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: newcomers; ostracism
Other ID:, etd-08312009-150859
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:01
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:50


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