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Inflammation and Stem Cell Transplantation

Urish, Kenneth (2007) Inflammation and Stem Cell Transplantation. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Myoblast transplantation has been investigated as a treatment for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy and injured myocardial tissue. Multiple groups have isolated an early myogenic precursor population, termed muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) that have a superior ability to regenerate dystrophin-positive myofibers and improve cardiac function following an ischemic event as compared to more differentiated myoblasts. The initial local environment of these transplantations involves a high degree of inflammation and its associated major component, oxidative stress. Here, we report that a resistance to these stresses is an important factor determining the regenerative capacity of muscle stem cells in skeletal and cardiac muscle. MDSCs have an increased antioxidant capacity that protects them from intracellular oxidative damage while myoblasts have lower levels of survival and delayed differentiation following exposure to oxidative stress. These experiments were conducted using a series of high throughput assays that combine robotic live-cell microscopy with custom image analysis software. Further, when antioxidant levels in MDSCs are lowered to values comparable to myoblasts, the regenerative capacity of MDSCs decreases to levels comparable to myoblasts in both skeletal muscle and cardiac cell therapies. These findings indicate the important role inflammation plays in cell therapies, and identifies an important new mechanism by which stem cells display a unique regenerative capacity and also a new phenotype in selecting cell populations with enhanced regeneration capacity.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairHuard, Johnny
Committee MemberPeault, Bruno
Committee MemberStetten, George
Committee MemberPiganelli, Jon D
Committee Member Przybycien, Todd
Date: 31 January 2007
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 24 August 2006
Approval Date: 31 January 2007
Submission Date: 6 September 2006
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Bioengineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: cardiac cell therapy; cell therapies; image analysis; inflammation; microscopy; oxidative stress; stem cells
Other ID:, etd-09062006-014848
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:01
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:50


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