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Superhydrophobic Surface: Design, Fabrication, and Applications

Cao, Liangliang (2011) Superhydrophobic Surface: Design, Fabrication, and Applications. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Superhydrophobic surfaces are often found on plant leaves and insect wings in nature. Water on these surfaces forms small beads with a high contact angle of greater than 150¡ã and drips off rapidly when the surfaces are slightly inclined. This interesting phenomenon has stimulated extensive research to make artificial superhydrophobic surfaces and to employ them for a variety of applications. A key challenge in making superhydrophobic surfaces is to tailor the morphology of the surfaces in nanometer scales, which typically involves synthesis and fabrication of materials at nanometer dimensions. In this dissertation, I will first explain general design principles for fabricating superhydrophobic surfaces, with a specific focus on how to fabricate superhydrophobic surfaces on intrinsically hydrophilic materials. I will then present several fabrication methods developed during my Ph.D. program for making artificial superhydrophobic surfaces following such design principles. Finally, I will discuss initial results of our investigation on two promising applications of superhydrophobic surfaces, namely, for anti-icing and hydrodynamic drag reduction purposes, respectively.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Cao, Lianglianglic24@pitt.eduLIC24
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGao, Digaod@pitt.eduGAOD
Committee MemberVelankar, Sachin Svelankar@pitt.eduVELANKAR
Committee MemberCho, Sung Kwonskcho@pitt.eduSKCHO
Committee MemberFederspiel, William Jfederspielwj@upmc.eduWFEDERSP
Date: 26 January 2011
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 16 September 2010
Approval Date: 26 January 2011
Submission Date: 8 September 2010
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Chemical Engineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: anti-icing; drag reduction; superhydrophobic; superoleophobic
Other ID:, etd-09082010-123422
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:01
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2016 14:37


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