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Numerical Modeling of the Dynamics and Heat Transfer of Impacting Sprays for a Wide Range of Pressures.

Issa, Roy Jean (2004) Numerical Modeling of the Dynamics and Heat Transfer of Impacting Sprays for a Wide Range of Pressures. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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A numerical model is developed to simulate the impingement of liquid sprays on surfaces heated at temperatures ranging from nucleate to film boiling. The droplets are modeled in the Lagrangian frame of reference, and are dispersed stochastically in the continuous gas phase. The model is based on the fundamental basics of single droplet impingements extended to full sprays, where the overall heat transfer process is broken down into its basic components: conduction associated with the droplet contact, bulk air convection, and surface radiation. Droplet dynamics at the wall are modeled based on an empirical correlation relating the droplet incoming to outgoing Weber number. Droplet contact heat transfer is modeled using an effectiveness parameter for the heat transfer that is a function of the droplet Weber number. This attempt of numerically modeling the droplet-wall dynamics with multiple wall collisions and the droplet contact heat transfer has not been addressed before in a numerical model. Simulations are presented for: single-stream droplet impactions, multiple-streams droplet impactions, and conical sprays.The model is tested at atmospheric pressure using experimental data for nozzles that dispense non-uniform droplets. Favorable comparison with the test data is demonstrated. The model capability is then extended to simulate high and sub-atmospheric ambient pressure conditions with a proper accounting of the droplet-wall interaction and air-mist heat transfer mechanism. At high and sub-atmospheric pressures, the model was tested against experiments for single stream impactions at various pressures.Spray simulation conducted for a wide range of pressures reveals the following important issues regarding to the droplet dynamics, heat transfer and vaporization: 1) At higher pressures, the larger the droplet size, the better is the droplet-wall impaction, while for sub-atmospheric pressures, larger droplets have a detrimental effect due to their ballistic impaction. 2) At higher pressures, the Leidenfrost point shifts to a higher temperature that leads to an increase in the droplet wetting capability, and to a higher heat transfer effectiveness. 3) At higher pressures, more vapor is generated from each droplet impaction on the surface, resulting also in an increase in the heat transfer effectiveness.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Issa, Roy Jeanrji2@pitt.eduRJI2
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairChyu, Minkingmkchyu@engr.pitt.eduMKCHYU
Committee MemberGaldi, Giovannigaldi@engr.pitt.eduGALDI
Committee MemberYao,
Committee MemberSchaefer, Lauralaschaef@engr.pitt.eduLAS149
Date: 2 February 2004
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 25 September 2003
Approval Date: 2 February 2004
Submission Date: 27 September 2003
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Mechanical Engineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Droplet coefficient of restitution; Droplet rebound; Droplet sub-cooling; Droplet Weber number; Heat flux; Heat transfer effectiveness; High-pressure conditions; Non-wet cooling; Spray; Sub-atmospheric pressure conditions; Thermal boundary layer; Wall impaction; Contact heat transfer; Wet cooling
Other ID:, etd-09272003-104653
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:02
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:50


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