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Gender-Based Persecution in Asylum Law and Policy in the United States

Oxford, Connie Gayle (2007) Gender-Based Persecution in Asylum Law and Policy in the United States. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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A gender revolution has transformed the institution of asylum in the United States. The introduction of gender-based persecution laws and policies in the past decade ushered in a new era of politics in asylum decisions. Facilitated by recent laws and policies, immigrant women may gain asylum and legal entry into the U.S. by claiming they are persecuted based on factors such as female circumcision, honor killings, domestic violence, coercive family planning, forced marriage, or repressive social norms. Immigrant advocates have championed these laws and policies as reflecting the canonical feminist declaration that women's rights are human rights. The legal recognition that certain human rights abuses are gendered because they overwhelmingly happen to women has emerged as the benchmark for gendered equality in asylum adjudication. However, legal recognition of gender-related persecution is only half the story. A study of the implementation of gender-based persecution laws and policies makes visible certain assumptions about femininity, masculinity, sexuality, race, class, and nation in which asylum seekers, immigration attorneys, service providers, immigration judges, and asylum officers engage when making, preparing, and adjudicating asylum claims. In this dissertation, I offer empirical evidence of how gender structures the legal institution of asylum in the United States.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Oxford, Connie Gaylecgoxford@pitt.eduCGOXFORD
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairBlee, Kathleenkblee@pitt.eduKBLEE
Committee MemberGreen, Ceciliacagreen@pitt.eduCAGREEN
Committee MemberMarkoff, Johnjm2@pitt.eduJM2
Committee MemberConstable, Nicoleconstabl@pitt.eduCONSTABL
Date: 30 January 2007
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 10 October 2006
Approval Date: 30 January 2007
Submission Date: 7 October 2006
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Sociology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: human rights; immigration
Other ID:, etd-10072006-194655
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:02
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:50


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