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Notions of Friendship in the Bloomsbury Group: G.E. Moore, D.H. Lawrence, E.M. Forster, and Virginia Woolf

Carroll, Llana (2010) Notions of Friendship in the Bloomsbury Group: G.E. Moore, D.H. Lawrence, E.M. Forster, and Virginia Woolf. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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In this study I argue that G. E. Moore's philosophy of friendship developed in "Achilles or Patroclus?" and Principia Ethica, and the Great War, influenced the Bloomsbury Group's notions of friendship. I argue that these dual influences were central to Lawrence, Forster, and Woolf's representations of frustrated and melancholic friendship in their post-war novels: Women In Love, A Passage to India, and The Waves. Lawrence rejected Moore's notion of friendship suggesting that after the Great War desexualized friendship was impossible. Forster and Woolf, however, both retained some aspect of Moore's concept that friendship and the "pleasure of human intercourse" are among "the most valuable things, which we can know or imagine" (Principia Ethica 188-189). In A Passage to India and The Waves Forster and Woolf demonstrate the limitations of Moore's philosophy in a modern context, but both suggest that friendship should be cultivated despite these limitations. In this study, therefore, I refute Leonard Woolf's notion that Moore influenced the Bloomsbury Group only in its earliest stages, and I suggest that the post-war modern novel is not completely devoid of the promise of satisfactory personal relationships.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMacCabe, Colinmaccabe@pitt.eduMACCABE
Committee MemberSetiya, Kierankis23@pitt.eduKIS23
Committee MemberSmith, Philip Epsmith@pitt.eduPSMITH
Committee MemberBoone, Troyboone@pitt.eduBOONE
Date: 27 January 2010
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 25 October 2009
Approval Date: 27 January 2010
Submission Date: 3 November 2009
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > English
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: ; Bertrand Russell; melancholia; Rebecca West; subject formation
Other ID:, etd-11032009-120428
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:04
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:51


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