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The Face of Ambivalence: Simultaneous Expressions of Positive and Negative Emotions During Cue-elicited Craving in Heavy Smokers

Griffin, Kasey Marie (2008) The Face of Ambivalence: Simultaneous Expressions of Positive and Negative Emotions During Cue-elicited Craving in Heavy Smokers. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This study used the Facial Action Coding System (FACS; P. Ekman & W. V. Friesen, 1978) to examine abstinent smokers' immediate facial responses while exposed to smoking cues. The aim was to investigate potential associations between facial expressions thought to be linked to ambivalence and more traditional measures of ambivalence about their smoking habits. Ambivalence during cue exposure was operationalized as the simultaneous occurrence of positive and negative affect-related facial expressions. Thirty-four nicotine-deprived dependent smokers were presented with in vivo smoking cues, and their facial expressions were coded with the FACS; participants also completed self-report measures related to ambivalence about smoking. Smokers who displayed ambivalent facial expressions during smoking cue exposure reported significantly higher scores on three out of four measures of smoking ambivalence than did those who did not display ambivalent facial expressions. This effect was unique to those smokers displaying simultaneous positive and negative affect-related facial expressions, and the effect was not demonstrated in smokers' displaying just positive, just negative, or sequential instances of positive and negative affect-related expressions.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Griffin, Kasey Mariekgriffin@pitt.eduKGRIFFIN
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairSayette, Michaelsayette@pitt.eduSAYETTE
Committee MemberDonny, Ericedonny@pitt.eduEDONNY
Committee MemberCohn,
Date: 17 January 2008
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 24 April 2007
Approval Date: 17 January 2008
Submission Date: 6 November 2007
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: ambivalence; FACS; smoking cue-reactivity
Other ID:, etd-11062007-153251
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:04
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:51


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