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Development of Hollow Fiber-Based Bioreactor Systems for 3D Dynamic Neuronal Cell Cultures

Brayfield, Candace A (2009) Development of Hollow Fiber-Based Bioreactor Systems for 3D Dynamic Neuronal Cell Cultures. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Adult central nervous system tissue does not retain the ability to regenerate and restore functional tissue lost to disease or trauma. The peripheral nervous system only has the capacity to regenerate when tissue damage is minor. Most in vitro research investigating the neurobiological mechanisms relevant for enhancing nerve regeneration has focused on culture of neuronal cells on a 2D surface under static conditions. We have performed studies enabling development of an advanced in vitro culture model based on hollow fiber-based bioreactors to allow high density neuronal cell networking with directed axonal outgrowth.The model neuronal-like PC12 cell line was initially used to compare neurite outgrowth after nerve growth factor stimulation between cultures under either static or dynamic conditions with 2D or 3D configurations. High density PC12 cell cultures with extensive neurite outgrowth in three dimensional collagen gels were only possible under the dynamically perfused conditions of a hollow fiber-based bioreactor. Analysis of neurite networking within cultures demonstrated enhanced active synapsin I+ synaptic vesicle clustering among PC12 cells cultured within the 3D dynamic bioreactor compared to cells cultured statically on a 2D surface. We further used two different hollow fiber-based bioreactor designs to investigate primary mouse neural stem cell differentiation within different injectable extracellular matrix hydrogel scaffolds cultured under dynamic conditions. HyStem, a cross-linked hyaluronan hydrogel, allowed structure formation with improved neuronal differentiation compared to collagen and Matrigel hydrogels.We have made further developments in order to create a new hollow fiber-based bioreactor device for controlling directed axonal growth. Excimer laser modification was utilized to fabricate hollow fiber scaffolds allowing control over axonal outgrowth from neurons within a 3D space. Incorporation of these scaffolds into a novel hollow fiber-based bioreactor design will produce a device for high density neuronal tissue formation with axonal outgrowth in a 3D configuration. Such a device will provide an advanced research tool for more accurate evaluation of neurobiological events and development of therapeutic strategies useful for enhancing nerve regeneration.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Brayfield, Candace
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGerlach, Jorg
Committee CoChairMarra, Kacey Gmarrak@upmc.eduKGM5
Committee MemberLeonard, John
Committee MemberCui, Tracy Xxic11@pitt.eduXIC11
Date: 28 January 2009
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 24 November 2008
Approval Date: 28 January 2009
Submission Date: 10 November 2008
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Bioengineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: bioreactor; nerve tissue engineering; neural stem cells
Other ID:, etd-11102008-160024
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:04
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2016 14:37


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