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Field Inhomogeneity Compensation in High Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Zhang, Zhenghui (2007) Field Inhomogeneity Compensation in High Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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This thesis concentrates on the reduction of field (both main field B0 and RF field B1) inhomogeneity in MRI, especially at high B0 field. B0 and B1 field inhomogeneity are major hindrances in high B0 field MRI applications. B1 inhomogeneity will lead to spatially varying signal intensity in the MR images. B0 inhomogeneity produces blurring, distortion and signal loss at tissue interfaces. B0 artifacts are usually termed off-resonance or susceptibility artifacts. None of the existing methods can perfectly correct these inhomogeneity artifacts.This thesis aims at developing three-dimensional (3D) tailored RF (TRF) pulses to mitigate these artifacts. A current limitation in the use of 3D TRF techniques, however, is that pulses are often too long for practical clinical applications. Multiple transmission techniques are proposed to decrease pulse lengths and provide an inherent correction for B1 inhomogeneity. Shorter pulses are also more robust to profile distortions from susceptibility effects.Specifically, slice-selective 3D TRF pulses for multiple (or ¡°parallel¡±) transmitters were designed and validated in uniform phantom and human brain experiments at 3 Tesla. A pseudo-transmit sensitivity encoding (¡°transmit SENSE¡±) method was introduced using a body coil transmitter and multiple receivers to mimic the real parallel transmitter experiment. The kz-direction was controlled by fast switching of gradients in a fashion similar to Echo planar imaging (EPI). The transverse plane (kx-ky) was sampled sparsely with hexagonal trajectories, and accelerated with the transmit SENSE method. The transmit SENSE 3D TRF pulses reduced the B1 inhomogeneity compared to standard SINC pulses in human brain scans. The undersampled transmit SENSE pulses were only 4.3ms long and could excite a 5mm thick slice, which is very promising for clinical applications. Furthermore, these pulses are shown by numerical simulation to have promise in correcting through-plane susceptibility artifacts.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairStenger, V.
Committee MemberBoada, Fernando
Committee MemberStetten, George Dstetten@pitt.eduSTETTEN
Committee MemberEddy, William
Date: 31 January 2007
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 14 August 2006
Approval Date: 31 January 2007
Submission Date: 13 November 2006
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Bioengineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Inhomogeneity Correction; MRI; Parallel Imaging; Tailored RF pulse design; Transmit SENSE
Other ID:, etd-11132006-163142
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:04
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:51


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