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Social skills in post-institutional adopted children

Julian, Megan M (2011) Social skills in post-institutional adopted children. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Many children who are adopted internationally into the USA spent time in an institution prior to adoption. While the majority of adoptees fall within the normal range of adjustment, post-institutional (PI) children have been found to have higher rates of peer difficulties than non-adopted parent-reared children, they may display indiscriminate friendliness and difficulty understanding social cues and social boundaries, and they may have difficulty with self-regulation which is likely to relate to social skills (Gunnar, 2001; Gunnar, van Dulmen, & The International Adoption Project Team, 2007; Rutter and the ERA Study Team, 1998; Rutter, Kreppner, & O'Connor, 2001). The purpose of this study was to examine the parent-reported social skills (using the Social Skills Rating System; Gresham & Elliott, 1990) of children adopted to the USA from Russian orphanages that were primarily deficient in their social-emotional environments (The St. Petersburg-USA Orphanage Research Team, 2008). PI children who were adopted before 18 months had higher/better scores than children adopted after 18 months, and there does not appear to be a significant decrease in social skills with later ages (e.g., 24+ months) at adoption, suggesting a step function at 18 months of age at adoption. Further, the Elementary school age sample had higher/better scores than the Secondary school age sample.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Julian, Megan Mmmj17@pitt.eduMMJ17
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairMcCall, Robert Bmccall2@pitt.eduMCCALL2
Committee MemberBrownell, Celiabrownell@pitt.eduBROWNELL
Committee MemberCampbell, Susan Bsbcamp@pitt.eduSBCAMP
Date: 27 January 2011
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 8 October 2010
Approval Date: 27 January 2011
Submission Date: 13 November 2010
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: adopted children; early experiences; orphanage; post-institutional; social skills
Other ID:, etd-11132010-143923
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:04
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:51


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