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Payne, Thomas Richard (2006) SKELETAL MUSCLE STEM CELLS FOR CARDIAC REPAIR. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Because current treatments have had limited success in reducing morbidity and mortality associated with heart failure, the transplantation of cells into the heart has emerged as a potential therapy to repair damaged myocardium and reverse end-stage heart failure. While an array of lineage-committed cell types has been evaluated for experimental cardiac cell transplantation, recent studies have focused on adult stem cells due to their capacity for self-renewal and potential for multilineage differentiation. Here we investigated the application of postnatal murine skeletal muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) for cardiac cell therapy. We initially tested the ability of MDSCs to regenerate cardiac muscle after intramyocardial injection into the hearts of dystrophin-deficient mdx mice, a model of cardiomyopathy and muscular dystrophy. After transplantation, we observed that MDSCs generated large persistent grafts consisting primarily of numerous skeletal muscle myocytes and, to a substantially lesser degree, donor-derived cardiomyocytes, which were primarily located at the graft-host myocardium border. Further experiments revealed that more than half of these donor-derived cardiomyocytes resulted from the fusion of transplanted MDSCs with host cardiomyocytes. Next, we investigated the therapeutic potential of MDSC transplantation for cardiac repair using a mouse model for acute myocardial infarction. We report that in comparison with committed skeletal myoblast- and control saline-injected hearts, MDSCs implanted into infarcted hearts elicited significant improvements in cardiac performance. This beneficial effect was partially attributed to the ability of MDSCs to induce neovascularization of ischemic myocardium. In the final study, we investigated the mechanism by which transplanted MDSCs contribute to revascularization of ischemic myocardium. To address this issue, we employed a gain- and loss-of-function approach using MDSCs genetically engineered to express the potent angiogenic factor vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or the anti-angiogenic factor soluble Flt1, a VEGF-specific antagonist. When we transplanted MDSCs expressing soluble Flt1, we observed significantly less neoangiogenesis and a significant decrease in cardiac function when compared to the transplantation of control MDSCs and VEGF-engineered MDSCs. These results suggest that the transplantation of MDSCs elicits improvements in cardiac performance by inducing neovascularization of ischemic myocardium through the secretion of VEGF. In conclusion, these results suggest that MDSCs represent a promising cell type for cardiac repair and further translational research is warranted.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Payne, Thomas Richardtrp4@pitt.eduTRP4
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairHuard, Johnnyjhuard@pitt.eduJHUARD
Committee MemberKeller,
Committee Member Peault,
Committee MemberShroff, Sanjeevsshroff@pitt.eduSSHROFF
Committee MemberWagner, Williamwagnerwr@upmc.eduWAGNER
Date: 1 February 2006
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 29 November 2005
Approval Date: 1 February 2006
Submission Date: 16 November 2005
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Bioengineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: angiogenesis; blood vessel; cardiac repair; cardiac repair; cardiomyocytes; cardiomyopathy; cell therapy; cell transplantation; cellular cardiomyoplasty; gene therapy; genetic engineering; heart failure; ischemia; MDSC; muscular dystrophy; myoblast; myocardial infarction; myocardium; skeletal muscle; skeletal muscle stem cells; soluble Flt1; stem cells; tissue regeneration; vascular endothelial growth factor; vasculogenesis; VEGF; cardiac cell therapy; heart
Other ID:, etd-11162005-151038
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:05
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2016 14:37


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