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Toddler-age Externalizing Behaviors and School-age Academic Achievement: Independent Associations and the Impact of Parental Involvement

Brennan, Lauretta (2011) Toddler-age Externalizing Behaviors and School-age Academic Achievement: Independent Associations and the Impact of Parental Involvement. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The aim of this project was to examine independent associations between multiple dimensions of externalizing behaviors (i.e., aggression, oppositionality, inattention, and hyperactivity/impulsivity) during the toddler-age period and academic achievement at school-age in a sample of 495 high-risk children and families followed longitudinally from age 2 through 7.5. The study also investigated potential mediating effects of specific components of externalizing behavior assessed at ages 4 and 5, as well as potential moderating effects of parental involvement on the toddler-age-externalizing to school-age- achievement association. The results demonstrated that toddler-age aggression was the externalizing dimension most consistently associated with academic achievement at age 7.5, albeit modestly. In multivariate analyses, age 2-3 levels of inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, and oppositionality were unrelated to school-age academic achievement scores. Moreover, findings showed that relationships between externalizing behaviors in toddlerhood and age 7.5 academic achievement were not moderated by level of parental involvement. The results suggest that in toddler-aged children, aggression is a more reliable predictor of school-age academic achievement than inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, or oppositionality.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Brennan, Laurettalmb103@pitt.eduLMB103
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairShaw, Daniel Scasey@pitt.eduCASEY
Committee MemberVotruba-al, Elizabethevotruba@pitt.eduEVOTRUBA
Committee MemberCheong, JeeWonjcheong@pitt.eduJCHEONG
Committee MemberCampbell, Susan Bsbcamp@pitt.eduSBCAMP
Date: 27 January 2011
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 27 August 2010
Approval Date: 27 January 2011
Submission Date: 27 November 2010
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: clinical psychology; developmental psychopathology; Disruptive behavior; parenting; risk factors
Other ID:, etd-11272010-102531
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:06
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:52


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