Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Regulation of Craniofacial Bone Healing Using Noggin

Cooper, Gregory M. (2007) Regulation of Craniofacial Bone Healing Using Noggin. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

Primary Text

Download (21MB) | Preview


In cases of craniosynostosis, defined as the premature fusion of the cranial sutures, there is a need to inhibit bone formation in small calvarial defects to avoid the occurrence of postoperative resynostosis. Similarly, reconstruction of bone in the craniofacial skeleton following injury or tumor resection necessitates controlled bone regeneration to avoid bone overgrowth. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are potent bone inducing growth factors that are expressed during normal bone healing. Noggin is an extracellular antagonist to BMPs. This work studied the use of Noggin to prevent postoperative resynostosis in a rabbit model of human nonsyndromic craniosynostosis via protein therapy. A mouse model of a healing suturectomy was also developed. This model was used to study the effects of Noggin ex vivo gene therapy on the inhibition of postoperative resynostosis. Finally, the ability of Noggin to inhibit bone overgrowth and improve BMP4-induced bone formation was tested. The work presented here demonstrates that a single dose of Noggin protein is capable of inhibiting resynostosis and improving craniofacial growth after surgery to correct craniosynostosis in rabbits. Noggin delivered through ex vivo gene therapy was able to inhibit bone formation in a novel mouse model. Also, the implantation of Noggin expressing cells along with BMP4 expressing cells reduced ectopic bone formation and improved bone density. These results suggest that Noggin therapy may be useful for the inhibition of postoperative resynostosis in children with craniosynostosis. Furthermore, by recreating naturally occurring expression patterns (for example, both Noggin and BMP4), we may be able to control the size, shape and quality of bone formed by biologically-driven therapies.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Cooper, Gregory M.gmc8@pitt.eduGMC8
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairHuard, JohnnyCommittee Chair
Committee MemberMarra, Kaceymarrak@upmc.eduKGM5
Committee MemberMooney, Mark Pmpm4@pitt.eduMPM4
Committee MemberRoy, Parthaproy@engr.pitt.eduPAR19
Date: 31 January 2007
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 1 December 2006
Approval Date: 31 January 2007
Submission Date: 29 November 2006
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Bioengineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: BMP; bone tissue engineering; craniofacial bone; Noggin; bone regulation; craniosynostosis
Other ID:, etd-11292006-152436
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:06
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2016 14:37


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item