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POSITIVE ASPECTS OF ALZHEIMER'S CAREGIVING: THE ROLE OF ETHNICITY

Sun, Kang (2006) POSITIVE ASPECTS OF ALZHEIMER'S CAREGIVING: THE ROLE OF ETHNICITY. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The study examined differences in positive aspects of caregiving (PAC) among 232 Hispanic caregivers and 691 Non-Hispanic Caucasian (NHC) caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer's disease, using baseline data of National Institutes of Health Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Care Health (REACH) study. Multiple linear regression models, mediation analysis and Sobel's test were performed to assess the mediating effects of five possible mediators (education, socioeconomic status, behavior bother, social support and religiosity). Hispanics caregivers reported higher scores on PAC than their NHC counterparts. Hispanic caregivers' higher religiosity partially mediated the relationship between ethnicity and PAC. Additional variables that contributed to their higher PAC scores were caregivers' lower education level and lower socioeconomic status. A similar approach was used to compare values of PAC between 77 Mexican and 88 Cuban female caregivers. Mexican female caregivers reported statistically significant higher PAC when compared with Cuban female caregivers. The full mediation of socioeconomic status (SES) and partial mediation of education were seen to exist in the relationship between PAC and ethnicity. The question of how or why the PAC differences exist between ethnic groups was partially answered by employing the mediation analysis. The public health importance of this thesis is to provide the information on the ethnic differences in PAC, which is useful for social and psychological interventions.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Sun, Kangkas34@pitt.eduKAS34
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairYouk, Adaayouk@pitt.eduAYOUK
Committee MemberSchulz, Richardschulz@pitt.eduSCHULZ
Committee MemberMazumdar, Satimaz1@pitt.eduMAZ1
Date: 2 February 2006
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 13 September 2005
Approval Date: 2 February 2006
Submission Date: 30 November 2005
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Biostatistics
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: caregiving; mediation analysis; race
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-11302005-163809/, etd-11302005-163809
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:06
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:52
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/9873

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