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DIABETES PREVENTION AND CARDIOVASCULAR RISK REDUCTION IN PRIMARY CARE PRACTICEIN PRIMARY CARE PRACTICE

Kramer, M. Kaye (2008) DIABETES PREVENTION AND CARDIOVASCULAR RISK REDUCTION IN PRIMARY CARE PRACTICEIN PRIMARY CARE PRACTICE. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Despite extensive research demonstrating that moderate lifestyle changes can reduce risk for Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease these two chronic conditions continue to account for an overwhelming amount of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Translation of successful prevention and risk reduction research into "real world" settings faces many challenges, while strategies for implementation are lacking. For many reasons, the primary care practice venue provides an ideal environment for provision of prevention services on a permanent basis. The dissertation consists of three related projects; the first two examined the main components of diabetes prevention and cardiovascular disease risk reduction while the third investigated the relationship between perception of disease risk and lifestyle intervention performance. Because current practices of prevention screening are often haphazard and tend to overlook those in greatest need, the first project focused on risk identification through prevention screening in a systematic manner. Feasibility in the primary care practice setting as well as differences between those invited to attend prevention screening and those not invited was examined.The second project investigated the effectiveness and feasibility of provision of a lifestyle change intervention in a primary care practice setting. The successful lifestyle intervention utilized in the Diabetes Prevention Program was modified for delivery in a group rather than individual setting. The effectiveness of the intervention was evaluated through risk assessment measures collected before and after participation in the intervention. Finally, motivation for making lifestyle changes remains a mystery and varies considerably from one individual to another. It has been hypothesized that perceived risk, i.e., the probability of developing a disease or condition may influence an individual's health behavior. Utilizing a modified version of the Risk Perception Survey for Developing Diabetes (RPS-DD) the final project examined baseline differences in responses as well as the relationship between perception of risk and subsequent performance in the group lifestyle intervention. Differences in risk perception before and after participation were also examined. The projects are significant from a public health perspective in that they seek to begin to establish a foundation for implementation of diabetes prevention and cardiovascular risk reduction for the general population.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Kramer, M. Kayekramermk@comcast.net
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairOrchard, Trevor Jtjo@pitt.eduTJO
Committee MemberKriska, Andrea Maky@pitt.eduAKY
Committee MemberSiminerio, Linda Msimineriol@upmc.eduLSI100
Committee MemberBurke, Lora Elbu100@pitt.eduLBU100
Committee MemberBrooks, Maria Mbrooks@edc.pitt.eduMBROOKS
Date: 30 January 2008
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 27 November 2007
Approval Date: 30 January 2008
Submission Date: 30 November 2007
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: DrPH - Doctor of Public Health
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: cardiovascular risk; screening; diabetes prevention; primary care practice
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-11302007-194318/, etd-11302007-194318
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:06
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2016 14:37
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/9881

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