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Assessing The Influence Of Assistive Technology On People With Spinal Cord Injury Using A Measure Of Participation

Chaves, Eliana S. (2003) Assessing The Influence Of Assistive Technology On People With Spinal Cord Injury Using A Measure Of Participation. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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The occurrence of a spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to an enormous change in an individual�s lifestyle. Limitation related to mobility can become critical affecting ability to participate in nearly all activities of daily living (ADL). People with SCI rely on assistive technology (AT), especially wheelchair to facilitate the return to as many pre-injury activities as possible and serve as a resource tool for community living and participation12. The purpose of this study was to investigate the wheelchair and related factors that affect the participation of individuals with SCI in activities performed in three settings including home, community and transportation. Seventy individuals with SCI who use wheelchairs for mobility participated in this study. A written survey, which recorded AT usage in daily activities, was distributed among individuals from Pittsburgh (Pitt) and Saint Louis (SL). The wheelchair was found to be the most limiting factor in activities performed in the home, community and transportation use. The second most limiting factor was physical impairment and environment. Significant differences were shown among individuals from Pitt and SL. A higher number of individuals from SL indicated pain, fatigue, wheelchair seating, social attitudes and self-concept as factors that limit their participation. In addition, significant differences were revealed in transportation use between individuals with paraplegia and tetraplegia. Pain was shown as a limiting factor for people with paraplegia, whereas, lack of equipment was indicated by people with tetraplegia.AT and related factors impact participation of individuals with SCI. The wheelchair was the most common limiting factor, followed by physical impairment and physical environment. The wheelchair is most likely their most important mobility device while also the one that is most associated with barriers.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Chaves, Eliana S.esc14@pitt.eduESC14
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairCooper, Roryrcooper@pitt.eduRCOOPER
Committee MemberSchmeler,
Committee MemberBoninger, Michaelboninger@pitt.eduBONINGER
Committee MemberCooper, Rosemariecooperrm@pitt.eduCOOPERRM
Date: 18 December 2003
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 19 November 2003
Approval Date: 18 December 2003
Submission Date: 1 December 2003
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: assistive technology; participation and activities of daily living.; Spinal cord injury; wheelchair
Other ID:, etd-12012003-101654
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:07
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:52


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