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Tanase, Costin (2005) TRIPLE QUANTUM IMAGING OF SODIUM IN INHOMOGENEOUS FIELDS. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Triple quantum filtered sodium MRI techniques have been recently demonstrated in vivo. These techniques have been previously advocated as a means to separate the sodium NMR signal from different physiological compartments based on the differences between their relaxation rates. Among the different triple quantum coherence transfer filters, the three-pulse coherence transfer filter has been demonstrated to be better suited for human imaging than the traditional four-pulse implementation. While the three-pulse structure has distinct advantages in terms of the radiofrequency power efficiency, it is characterized, also, by an increased dependence on the main magnetic field inhomogeneities. In this thesis, we characterize these dependences and introduce a method for their compensation through the acquisition of a field map and the use of a modified phase cycling scheme.We analyze the dynamics of spin 3/2 systems using the density matrix theory of relaxation. We show that by using the superoperator formalism, we can obtain an algebraic formulation of the density matrix's evolution, in which the contributions from relaxation and radio frequency application are factored out. To achieve this goal, we derive an exact form for the propagator of the density matrix, in the presence of both static quadrupolar couplings and magnetic field inhomogeneities.Using the algebraic formulation, we derive exact expressions for the behavior of the density matrix in the classical one-, two- and three-pulse NMR experiments. These theoretical formulas are then used to illustrate the bias introduced on the measured relaxation parameters by the presence of large spatial variations in the B0 and B1 fields. This approach is proved useful for the characterization of the spatial variations of the signal intensity in multiple quantum-filtered sodium MRI experiments.On the imaging applications side, we demonstrate that the conventional on-the-fly triple quantum filtered schemes are affected by the presence of B0 inhomogeneities in a severe way, which can be described as destructive interference among several coherence pathways. A new class of robust filtering schemes is introduced to avoid the destructive interference. The usefulness of the introduced technique is experimentally illustrated for twisted projection imaging, for human brain imaging.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairLowe,
Committee CoChairBoada,
Committee MemberTabakin, Franktabakin@pitt.eduTABAKIN
Committee MemberPetek, Hrvojepetek@pitt.eduPETEK
Committee MemberCoalson, Robertrob@ringo.chem.pitt.eduCOALSON
Date: 1 February 2005
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 23 November 2004
Approval Date: 1 February 2005
Submission Date: 2 December 2004
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Physics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: coherences; density matrix; imaging; mri; nmr; relaxation matrix; sodium; triple quantum
Other ID:, etd-12022004-124007
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:07
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:52


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