Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form


Saekho, Suwit (2005) B1 INHOMOGENEITY COMPENSATION IN MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI). Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

Primary Text

Download (3MB) | Preview


This thesis concentrates on the reduction of RF field (or B1) inhomogeneity in high magnetic field MRI. B1 inhomogeneity is one of the major drawbacks in high field MRI. The non-uniformity causes regions of increased and decreased signal intensity in the images. None of existing methods can perfectly correct the non uniformity. This thesis aims to develop new methods that are practical, safe, and required no additional devices. Specifically, three-dimensional (3D) tailored RF (TRF) pulse were designed and validated in human MRI experiments at 3 Tesla. Two novel designs of 3D TRF pulses for B1 inhomogeneity reduction are presented in this thesis. Both designs are based on the small flip angle approximation. The first design is for a thick slab 3D acquisition. These pulses employ a 3D stack of spirals k-space trajectory simultaneously with B1 inhomogeneity compensated RF pulse waveforms during excitation. Another pulse design uses analytical functions as a compensated B1 inhomogeneity pulse weighting function. The k-space is modeled in the manner such that kx-ky provides compensated spatial weighting function for quadratically varying B1 inhomogeneity patterns. The kz-direction is controlled by fast switching gradients in the fashion similar to Echo planar imaging (EPI). This design is more appropriate for 2D high resolution acquisition images. The two pulse designs show equal improvement of signal loss of approximately 30%. Long pulse length, 22 ms, and limited peak B1 are the major concern of the first design. The second design, the compensated fast kz pulses provide relatively shot pulse length only 3-5 ms. The primary limitation of this design is that it can be used for only a quadratic pattern of B1 inhomogeneity and may cause resonance shift.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Saekho, Suwitsus22@pitt.eduSUS22
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairStenger, V
Committee MemberBoada, Fernado
Committee MemberStetten,
Committee MemberYang, Qing
Date: 31 January 2005
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 1 December 2004
Approval Date: 31 January 2005
Submission Date: 3 December 2004
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Bioengineering
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: RF inhomogeneity; B1 inhomogeneity; high field
Other ID:, etd-12032004-102907
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:07
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:52


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item