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"Putting Blinkers on a Blind Man": Providing Cognitive Support for Creative Processes with Environmental Cues

Christensen, BT and Schunn, CD (2009) "Putting Blinkers on a Blind Man": Providing Cognitive Support for Creative Processes with Environmental Cues. In: Tools for Innovation. UNSPECIFIED. ISBN 9780195381634

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Abstract

Random cues may be both beneficial and harmful to creativity. Theories of analogical transfer and association assume that cues are helpful in generating new ideas. However, theories of path-of-least-resistance, fixation, and unconscious plagiarism say that cues can lead you into traps. Empirical research partly supports both theories. So what is a practitioner to do in selecting random cues for enhancing creativity? It is suggested that the answer is found in looking at the relationship between cues and the creative cognitive processes and their functions, and how this leads to creative outcome originality and usefulness. Two processes are examined: analogical transfer and mental simulation. It is recommended that random between-domain cues be used to increase between domain analogizing primarily with instruction to make connections, leading to product originality Random within-domain cues should be used to increase within-domain analogizing. Due to property transfer, close analogies may have a negative impact on the originality of the outcome in problem-solving instances, but a positive impact on usefulness in problemidentifying and problem-solving instances. Random end-user cues will lead to greater amounts of end-user simulations of usability and user preferences, and thus to higher levels of product usefulness.


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Details

Item Type: Book Section
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Christensen, BT
Schunn, CDschunn@pitt.eduSCHUNN0000-0003-3589-297X
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Learning Research & Development Center
Date: 1 September 2009
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381634.003.0003
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Refereed: Yes
ISBN: 9780195381634
Title of Book: Tools for Innovation
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2014 14:29
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2021 12:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22811

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