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Harm reduction interventions to reduce the burden of opioid overdose: a comprehensive literature review of naloxone distribution programs and safe injection facilities

Ethun, Laken C (2016) Harm reduction interventions to reduce the burden of opioid overdose: a comprehensive literature review of naloxone distribution programs and safe injection facilities. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

The opioid overdose epidemic is one of the most significant public health problems that the United States has seen in decades. Fatal drug overdoses are the number one leading cause of injury death in the United States. As communities struggle to combat increased mortality, public health officials, along with federal, state, and local agencies, are beginning to explore harm reduction interventions aimed at preventing opioid overdose deaths. A literature review was conducted to explore the effectiveness of two distinct harm reduction strategies: naloxone distribution programs and safe injection facilities. Access to naloxone can be effective in reducing opioid overdose, especially when implemented on a large scale. Expanding legislation to include immunity and Good Samaritan statutes will serve to increase the effectiveness of naloxone distribution as a strategy to reduce the number of opioid overdoses. Additionally, safe injection facilities can serve to reduce opioid overdoses, as well as improve the health of people who use opioids. This essay holds public health significance by reporting on two unique strategies that, when implemented, can improve the health of millions of Americans.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Ethun, Laken Clce8@pitt.eduLCE8
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairKeane, Christophercrkcity@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberCochran, Geraldgcochran@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 2016
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Behavioral and Community Health Sciences
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 17:52
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2018 13:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/27286

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