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Evaluating neonatal resuscitation efforts in Bombali district, Sierra Leone through analysis of data from the CHAMPS program

Oak, Sangki (2020) Evaluating neonatal resuscitation efforts in Bombali district, Sierra Leone through analysis of data from the CHAMPS program. Master Essay, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

After being ravaged by a devastating civil war, and the recent Ebola outbreak weakening an already crippled healthcare system, the country of Sierra Leone struggles with one of the worst health statuses in the world. The Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MoHS), local and international NGO’s, and a variety of health care professionals are striving to help improve the health of the population, but there is still much work to be done. One area that these local and international champions are working to improve is to reduce stillbirths and death of children under 5 years old. This paper explores the Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance (CHAMPS) Program in Sierra Leone which seeks to collect data regarding the deaths of these children. It also describes a study conducted in the summer of 2019 which used data collected by CHAMPS to investigate newborn resuscitation efforts at the health facilities in the region and provided some observations and conversation with health care workers regarding newborn resuscitation that occurred during the course of the study.
The public health importance of this program is that by collecting and analyzing the CHAMPS data, a better understanding of the cause of death for these newborns and children can be obtained and, more importantly, initiatives can be implemented by the government and MoHS to attempt to reduce these deaths. Regarding the study on newborn resuscitation, the public health significance of this investigation is that it provides one of the first public health applications of the CHAMPS data to better characterize newborn resuscitation efforts by health care providers. While the results were inconclusive due to limited documentation, along with the observations and conversations, it does suggest that expanded training may be needed to increase newborn resuscitation efforts for apneic newborns. This could potentially lead to expansion of newborn resuscitation training to the hospitals and Peripheral Health Units which would help to decrease stillbirths and newborn deaths in the Bombali Shebora chiefdom of Sierra Leone.


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Details

Item Type: Other Thesis, Dissertation, or Long Paper (Master Essay)
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Oak, Sangkisangki.oak@pitt.edusao490000-0002-1347-9028
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairFinegold, Daviddnf@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberRussell, Joannejoanner@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Committee MemberRohrer, Wesley W.wmrun@pitt.eduUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 17 April 2020
Date Type: Completion
Number of Pages: 48
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Multidisciplinary MPH
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master Essay
Refereed: Yes
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2020 13:19
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2020 13:19
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/39023

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