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The Grand Strategies of Middle Powers: Organizational Determinants and Constraints

Worman, Stephen M. (2021) The Grand Strategies of Middle Powers: Organizational Determinants and Constraints. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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What exactly is grand strategy? Is it a phenomenon that can be observed in practice, and in real time? What causes states to adopt the grand strategies they do? This dissertation tackles these questions head on, by proposing a novel theory which explains the form a state’s grand strategy might take. The “organizational determinants of grand strategy” theory posits that disparities in state and organizational-level resources (in the form of money, manpower, and elite attention) influence the form a state’s grand strategy takes, and governs the rate of change. This dissertation focuses on middle powers, which provides analytic leverage on the notoriously difficult concept of grand strategy. It examines the case of India and its grand strategy around three conflicts: the 1962 Sino-Indian War, the 1971 Third Indo-Pakistan War, and the 1999 Kargil Crisis. Additional three other cases are studied to increase generality of my theory: Australian grand strategy around the Vietnam War, Pakistani grand strategy around the Third Indo-Pakistan War, and Dutch grand strategy around Operation Trikora. This dissertation showcases that the “organizational determinants of grand strategy” theory is able to explain most, if not all, grand strategies considered and is generalizable to others, when appropriate data sources are available.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Worman, Stephen M.SMW98@PITT.EDUSMW98
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGrauer,
Committee MemberKenney,
Committee MemberWilliams,
Committee MemberBrands,
Date: 4 June 2021
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 12 March 2021
Approval Date: 4 June 2021
Submission Date: 19 March 2021
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 313
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public and International Affairs > Public and International Affairs
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Grand Strategy, Middle Powers, Organizational Determinants, Resource-Based View, India
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2021 11:54
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2021 11:54

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