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Comparative Analysis of Medium Voltage AC and DC Network Infrastructure Models

Korytowski, Matthew James (2011) Comparative Analysis of Medium Voltage AC and DC Network Infrastructure Models. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

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    Abstract

    An increasing amount of consumer devices and end-use applications of electricity at the low voltage level that require a direct current (DC) power source have continued to advance in modern day society. At the same time the existing alternating current (AC) infrastructure that has served so well over the past century is beginning to show its age and vulnerability, leading to increased outages and reduced reliability. Also, the amount of high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission system installations continue to increase around the world because of their proven superiority to high voltage alternating current (HVAC) in certain scenarios. However, with the widespread development and maturation in recent years of low voltage DC devices and systems, as well as large scale HVDC systems, no DC-based infrastructure or delivery system exists to efficiently connect the two together. Such an infrastructure would be developed through a medium voltage DC (MVDC) architecture. In order to properly analyze the benefits of a MVDC infrastructure for power distribution networks, a comparison between MVDC and MVAC architectures is necessary to identify advantages and disadvantages of both approaches. Investigating an architecture that would supply DC power to loads that is not much different in function to the existing AC grid system used today may bring with it increased efficiencies, therefore leading to economic operational and reliability benefits. To the author's knowledge, this thesis provides the first system scale comparative analysis of this nature comparing MVAC and MVDC. The preliminary design for such a system to supply DC power was created in this thesis using the PSCAD software package. The system analyzed utilizes a medium voltage DC bus rated at 20kV with a set of interconnected loads and generation. The DC system, while complicated with its wide array of power electronic converters, grants the ability to control power flow into the system from the different generation sources and to the loads. While the infrastructure design created is an initial step for a larger system, it lays the foundation for the future development of a DC distribution system for real world applications.


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    Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
    ETD Committee:
    ETD Committee TypeCommittee MemberEmailORCID
    Committee ChairReed, Gregory Fgfr3@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberKusic, George Lgkusic@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberStanchina, William Ewes25@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberMao, Zhi-Hongzhm4@pitt.edu
    Title: Comparative Analysis of Medium Voltage AC and DC Network Infrastructure Models
    Status: Unpublished
    Abstract: An increasing amount of consumer devices and end-use applications of electricity at the low voltage level that require a direct current (DC) power source have continued to advance in modern day society. At the same time the existing alternating current (AC) infrastructure that has served so well over the past century is beginning to show its age and vulnerability, leading to increased outages and reduced reliability. Also, the amount of high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission system installations continue to increase around the world because of their proven superiority to high voltage alternating current (HVAC) in certain scenarios. However, with the widespread development and maturation in recent years of low voltage DC devices and systems, as well as large scale HVDC systems, no DC-based infrastructure or delivery system exists to efficiently connect the two together. Such an infrastructure would be developed through a medium voltage DC (MVDC) architecture. In order to properly analyze the benefits of a MVDC infrastructure for power distribution networks, a comparison between MVDC and MVAC architectures is necessary to identify advantages and disadvantages of both approaches. Investigating an architecture that would supply DC power to loads that is not much different in function to the existing AC grid system used today may bring with it increased efficiencies, therefore leading to economic operational and reliability benefits. To the author's knowledge, this thesis provides the first system scale comparative analysis of this nature comparing MVAC and MVDC. The preliminary design for such a system to supply DC power was created in this thesis using the PSCAD software package. The system analyzed utilizes a medium voltage DC bus rated at 20kV with a set of interconnected loads and generation. The DC system, while complicated with its wide array of power electronic converters, grants the ability to control power flow into the system from the different generation sources and to the loads. While the infrastructure design created is an initial step for a larger system, it lays the foundation for the future development of a DC distribution system for real world applications.
    Date: 24 June 2011
    Date Type: Completion
    Defense Date: 01 April 2011
    Approval Date: 24 June 2011
    Submission Date: 27 March 2011
    Access Restriction: No restriction; The work is available for access worldwide immediately.
    Patent pending: No
    Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
    Refereed: Yes
    Degree: MSEE - Master of Science in Electrical Engineering
    URN: etd-03272011-203256
    Uncontrolled Keywords: photovoltaic model; wind turbine model
    Schools and Programs: Swanson School of Engineering > Electrical Engineering
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 14:33
    Last Modified: 30 Mar 2012 13:32
    Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-03272011-203256/, etd-03272011-203256

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